Ortaca

Ortaca has high tourism potential due to its geographical situation. The zone took the name “Ortaca” by being placed between Fethiye and Marmaris Districts.

Ortaca contains trade, industry, tourism, agriculture and breeding, natural and historical beauties in it. Sarıgerme beach can be reached in 15 minutes, İztuzu beach in 25 minutes from Ortaca city centre. In addition, Aşı bay takes 35 minutes.

History

The land of Ortaca was within the boundaries of Caria in Ancient Age.

In Hellenistic Period in 334 BC, Ortaca that was territory of Caria invaded by Alexander the Great and became a Macedonian territory. Later, Ortaca stayed under the domination of Egypt for a while since Aegean and Mediterranean seas, that Ortaca is a part of, belonged to Queen Cleopatra. 192 BC lands of Ortaca captured by Roman Empire.

Between the years 1261-1451, in the period of principalities.

Ortaca was under the protection of Menteşeoğulları. In 1451,

period of Fatih Sultan Mehmet who was one of the greatest emperor

of Ottoman Empire captured Menteşeoğulları thus Ottomans

took over Ortaca.

Ancient City

Ancient City of Pisilis

Geographer Strabon (2th century BC) mentioned about

the small settlements in Caria beaches. The river

called Indos (currently called Dalaman

Çayı) was a secure bay. Because it was close to

mouth of a river hence it was a wind-protected area. Today there are not

much information about Pisilis.

The city center is located on a rocky hill. From the ruins

we can predict the city had narrow streets and two-storey houses. Exterior walls of the houses are 50-70cm thick. The exterior walls are made of stone, broken brick pieces and

Khorasan (Roman concrete=Opus Camentitium) Roofs are made of wooden plank and timber (It can still be seen). The length of

city walls built with Roman concrete are around 10 meters and the thickness of the walls are approximately 3 meters. Sands came from southeast have covered one quarter of the city.

 Kaunos

The ancient Kaunos city is in the Çandır village on the road to Sultaniye from Köyceğiz.

Kaunos can also be reached via boats from Dalyan and Köyceğiz. Kaunos antic city takes 10 minutes on foot from the ruin pier.

Kaunos was an important coastal town. In time, it lost its importance because of the alluvial deposit that made the bay useless.

According to the father of the history Herodotus, Kaunoses were

the local of Caria but they accepted themselves as Cretan. Geographer

Strabon wrote Kaunos got shipyard and sealable harbor. The

city was founded by Kaunos the son of Miletos who exiled for an

incest relationship with his sister. The rock tombs, which can also

be seen, made in 4th century BC and then used in Roman era.

After the Persian invasion of whole Anatolia, the city fell under

the Mausolos’s rule. In 334 BC, the city fell under the Princess Ada

then Antigonos’ and then Ptolemaios’s rule. The city was under the

sway of Rhodes Kingdom, Bergama Kingdom and Rome Kingdom.

Owing to the fact that alluvial deposits, it lost its importance.

 İztuzu

It is one of the rarest beach that preferred by caretta carettas

in all over the world. Dalyan and İztuzu is an exactly natural wonder. In

2011 Dalyan and İztuzu Beach were proclaimed Best Beach Destination

of Europe by Dutch holiday assessment website Zoover. The beach is a

narrow spit of land, which forms a natural barrier between the fresh water

delta of the Dalyan River and the Mediterranean Sea. It is matchless.

İztuzu can be reached via marine transport or highway with accompaniment of

unequal scenery within one and half hour time.

 Caretta Caretta

Turtles come to lay eggs İztuzu Beach, Dalyan. These sweet sea turtles

are in the list of animals in danger of extinction and considered

an endangered species. Overfishing causes almost extinction of

these turtles due to their consumption as a luxury food in France,

Italy and Far East. As a result of hard effort of the locals, the İztuzu

beach is under protection now.

The average caretta caretta measures around 115-150cm.

They can weight up to 150kg. Its upper shell is earth color

and its plastron is typically pale yellow-orange. Generally they eat

moss and they live in colonies. According to the estimations they have a lifespan of 70 years. Likeall sea turtles, they have similar basic nesting behaviors. Females return

to lay eggs at intervals of 12-17 days during the nesting season,

on or near the beach where they hatched. Turtles digs various holes

to bury their eggs (This behavior might be for hiding or choosing the

best place to nestling their eggs by measuring the humidity). The number of the eggs are between 80-100. After the incubation time, the hatchlings head towards to the ocean by using horizon line. The incubation time for İztuzu is nearly 55-60 days,

between May and July. Hatchlings reach surface to first days of

July and this continues until September. According to researchers, to be able to continue their existence one or two survival

hatchlings are enough within 100 eggs. If there is another

light around the nest except horizon light, they may go towards

wrong direction that may cause their death. On that account,

from dusk till dawn the entrance to İztuzu Beach is prohibited

by local administration.

Delta of Dalyan

It is an interesting place to see with its magical panorama.

The water is so clear that one can even see the fish in it.

You can watch the fish accompanying you while you are moving

between the maze shaped reeds. 180 kind of birds live in the

reeds. Many bird watchers prefer Dalyan to see uncommon bird

types.

Birdwatching

There are many unexplored places for birdwatching

around Ortaca, especially aqueducts of Dalyan and in the surrounding

reeds of Köyceğiz Lake. It is possible to watch the birds in

the zones where many different kind of and endemic birds live.

Rafting

Dalaman River, which is a natural border of Dalaman-Ortaca, is one of the most suitable places for rafting in Turkey. You might

experience the funniest activities during your holiday on Dalaman River that has got enough flow rate and regime for rafting.

 


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