Fethiye

Fethiye, which was called Telmessos in Lycian period, is

a Mediterranean city located around the bay named after itself on

the slopes of the Mendosa mountain. In 1934 it was called Fethiye

in the memory of the first Turkish pilot Fethi Bey.

Dry, long and hot summers, rainy, warm and short-time

winters are the climatic characteristics of Fethiye. The temperature

in summer is 30-40 degrees and in winter is usually above 10 degrees.

It is possible to swim in to the turquoise coloured water during

nine months of the year.

Due to the climate conditions in the region the pinery

formed from white pine, larch and ponderosa space large place.

Olive, Sweetgum, Laurel, Myrtle, Sycamore, Poplar, Acacia are

the other tree species of this rich vegetation. For 10 million years

Sweetgum plant which has survived and came from before the ice

ages, is only grown in Fethiye and Koycegiz region and in a small

area of California on Earth.

History

Fethiye is an important settlement since prehistoric period.

In ancient times Lycians, who were “The People of the Light

Dormitory”, were the owner of the city and the city was called Telmessos.

Telmessos (Fethiye), which entered in the sovereignty of the

Persians in 545 BC (6th century), was surrendered to Alexander the

Great in 333 BC (4th century). Although after the death of Alexander

the Great Telmessos had been under the sovereignty of Egypt King

Ptalomus for a while, then it was occupied by Roman Empire and

the name of the city was mentioned as Megri (Makri) that means

“Far Realm”. After dividing of Roman Empire into two parts Fethiye

(Megri) was located within the Eastern Roman / Byzantine Empire

boundaries. In 1282 Mr. Mentese who is the founder of the Mentese

Principality, bereaved Megri from Byzantines. In 1424 it participated

in Ottoman Empire.

Megri (Mekri), which was mentioned as five districts

among the people in Ottoman period, was transformed into a district

connected to Mentese Shire. With the establishment of Republic

in 1934 the name of the district was changed to Fethiye for the

memory of Mr. Fethi who is one of our first pilot and died as a martyr

in a plain accident near Teberiye after taking off from Damascus in

1913.

Fethiye Archeological Museum

Valuable works of art from Early Lycian, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman

and Ottoman periods are exhibited. The Museum is open to visitors

every day except Mondays where the interesting examples of the

rich cultural heritage of Fethiye are located in the ethnography

section. In the museum’s garden, environmental and landscaping

works were completed and was opened to visitors in 2008.

Ancient Cities

The Ancient City of Lycia –Telmessos

In ancient times Lycian was called country of the lights

that was located on the Teke peninsula between Antalya and Fethiye.

The Lyceans, who are known with their own language, matriarchal

way of life, rock monuments, tombs, addiction to their freedom

and independence, were recorded in the history in the Anatolian

Union defenders in Kadesh against Egyptians and in Troy against

Akhan.

The name of Fethiye in Lycian period is Telmessos.

In the written sources it is stated that the city was named

after the son of God Apollon, Telmessos. In the continuous

process of life it was under the management of Persians,

Rome and Byzantines from 5th century BC. However it was

able to protect its’ original structure.

In Fethiye the most splendid work of art that has

survived from the ancient city Telmessos is the rock tomb

which was built in the name of Amintas, the son of Hermapios,

in 4th century BC that looks like a temple in the Ionic order.

In 1850’s famous traveler Charles Texier wrote his name

on the tomb that can be seen at the entrance. The sarcophagus

type of tombs, which are accepted as the elite examples

of Lycian art and stone labor, exhibit distinct beauty of

Fethiye’s urban configuration. Especially the examples in the

garden of Government House, in Necropolis and across the

pier are remarkable.

Telmessos Theatre

The Theatre was rebuilt with Roman style in the 2nd century on the theatre which was built in Hellenistic period and destroyed by the earthquakes.

It was planned for a capacity of about 6.000 people. The excavation works of the theatre were completed with the studies of Fethiye

Archaeological Museum and a project has been prepared for the restoration. The structure has remained in the city of today.

Kale (The Castle)

It was built right next to the Necropolis and at the top of the hill dominating the city in the 11th century. Fethiye Municipality is

also carrying on the restoration works for this structure.

Xanthos

Xanthos is the administrative center of Lycian Federation. It is

60 km away from Fethiye and is within the boundaries of the Kinik

Village. The establishment of it is dated to 1200 BC. The Acropolis

from Lycian period, the theatre from Roman period, the church from

Christian period and the remains of city gate from Hellenistic period

can be seen from this important city which was the scene of a mass

suicide for the sake of independence and freedom. The “Nereid Monument”

carried away from the city in 1838 and other significant Lycian

period remains are exhibited in the British Museum in London.

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Letoon

Letoon is 55 km away from Fethiye and in the boundaris of

Kumluova District. It is the religious center of the Lycian, where

the legend was lived about bringing in to the world of Artemis and

Apollo by Goddess Leto and three major temples dedicated to them

are located. The archaeological excavations carried out since 1962

has proved that the history of the city based on the 8th century BC.

The theatre belonging to the Hellenistic period has survived as undamaged

to the present.

Cadianda

Cadianda is near to the Uzumlu District that is 20 km away from Fethiye. The excavation

work was carried out by the Fethiye Archaeological Museum and sport complex, theater,

mausoleum and the agora are the main ruins reached to present.

Oineanda

Oineanda is an important ancient city which was established in Incealiler village 88 km

away from Fethiye. About three hundred written tablets belonging to the ancient period

were found there.

Araxa

Araxa is 40 km away from the city center and is within the

boundries of Oren District. The city walls from Byzantine period,

baths, aqueducts, amphi-theater and rock tombs from Lycian period

can be seen. Oren is also one of our spectacular village with its magnificent

canyon, nature, trout ponds and country restaurants.

Sidyma

Sidyma is one of the most important Lycian cities, which is 55

km away from Fethiye, is near the today’s Dodurga Village and was

built on the slopes of Taurus. A small theater, cisterns, a temple, the

ruins of a bath and a lot of magnificent sarcophaguses can be seen

there.

Rock Village

Rock Village has an importance as the place of an uninterrupted life where different cultures extending from ancient Karmylassos

to the present day are united with each other and also stayed and immigrated. On the slopes there are stone houses built as a typical

Mediterranean architecture example without interrupting the light of each other, churches, schools, chapels, workshops, other structures

and interconnecting narrow streets which are in the form of architectural laboratory. In accordance with the Treaty of Lausanne signed

between Turkish-Greek Governments, as a result of population exchange the Greeks living in Rock Village and Turks living in Western Thracia

exchanged but because of the failure of Turkish immigrants to adopt the lifestyle in the village, the process showing today’s abondonment

view began. Kaya carpets weaved with unique colors and obtained by the technique of madder of Rock Village are famous.

Bays and Beaches

Çalış

Calis Beach, which is 5 km away from Fethiye town center, is

one of the most important accommodation and entertainment centers

of the region. Just across the beach Knight Island is located that can be

considered as an

 entrence door to the Fethiye Port. As well as the municipal

buses and minibuses there is also a sea transportation facility

with small boats to Calis Beach and they provide great convenience to

vacationers. Calis Beach, which is one the most important nesting area

of Caretta Caretta turtles, includes Calis Nature Park-Birds Heaven with

so far 219 species identified.

Ölüdeniz Belceğiz Beach

Oludeniz (Blue Lagoon), which is called “paradise bestowed by God to the world” in tourism literature, is a tourism center with a

worldwide reputation. Oludeniz is a World Wonder with its’ pine forest up to the beach, warm sea and for miles of stunning beach. Oludeniz

consists of two parts: the first part is Belcekiz or Belcegiz part extending from bay to lagoon. This part is the floating part of Oludeniz.

The second part is the real Oludeniz part where the lagoon is located. This section is calm and shallow. Additionally Oludeniz is one

of the world’s most ideal place for paragliding.

Hisarönü-Ovacık

Although it has not any coast, it is preferred because of its’

fresh air due to the altitude and its’ location close to both Fethiye

and Oludeniz. After 19:00 o’clock in the evenings a few streets in

Hisaronu center is closed to vehicular traffic and transformed into a

public recreation center.

Butterfly Valley

“Butterfly Valley” is one of the most beautiful bays of

Fethiye and is located at the base of a steep and deep valley on a

ten hectares plateau. In the valley where the sea level butterflies

of Mediterranean can be seen in one view like in an open-air museum,

it is also possible to monitor the the life cycle of 30 species

of day butterfly and 40 species of night butterfly starting from

the spring during nine-ten months. It is possible to reach to the

Butterfly Valley with a service boat departing from Oludeniz with

a half hour journey. It is also possible to go to the Butterfly Valley

through a difficult walk from Faralya or through flying with parapente

from Baba (Father) Mountain that is 1975 meters height.

There is not any accommodation facility in the valley.

Because it was declared as a first degree natural protected area in

1995 and therefore the construction is not allowed. It is possible

to spend the night in tents or in sleeping bags you will bring or

under the wooden pergola covered with leaves. It is also possible

to take advantage of the small rural restaurant for your eating-

drinking needs.

Göcek

In the Gulf of Fethiye the bays and islands located around Gocek

offer an enjoyable nature and history tour to the blue cruises.

Knight Island (Old Megri)

The island located at the north of Fethiye Port has a strategic importance

since ancient times with its location that can control the entrance

to the port. It is known that the Rhodes’ knights kept the city under their

control for a long time with the castle they had built on the island. It is understood

from the ruins that the island was used in Late Roman period and

today on the island the city walls, houses, ancient cisterns and variety of

mosaics of this castle can be seen.

Red Island

On the southern tip of the island there is not any structure except a light tower that organizes the sea traffic and the house of guard.

On the north west of the island large and small rocks (Deliktas Islands) are very suitable for diving and fishing enthusiasts. The east coast of

Red Island closed to the waves is a bay which has a wide beach and is suitable for swimming and anchoring. Due to these advantages the

blue cruises and daily tour bouts visit the island.

Katrancı Island

The island is located opposite of the Katranci bay which is one of the most important camping site of the county and it was named

after here. The sides of the island is not very suitable for docking of vessels but is indispensable for fish lovers.

Yassıca Islands

Yassica Islands consist of 5 large and small islands where the tour boats stayed for the longest time. The northern tip of the main island

that extends to the direction of South - North is a beach and it is ideal for swimming. The region is an entertainment center with a range of

water sports.

Shipyard Island

Shipyard Island is the biggest island in the region. There are alot of ruins of buildings on the island which are dated to the early

Roman period with Mediterranean architecture features. It is called Shipyard Island because in the past there was a shipyard on the island

where the construction, repair and maintenance facilities of the small vessels were performed. At the present day a few families dealing with

livestock and agriculture live on the island that is visited frequently by 12 islands tour groups. Additionally it is the safest place in the region

for yachtsmen with its’ small but cozy restaurant serving ashore and its’ two separate sheltered bay called Summer Port and Winter Port by

fisherman.

Pigs (Prince) Island

The island was named after the wild pigs living on the island and

due to last owner it is called Prince Island. The island is like a private

property that does not have a port for boats to dock. There are some

ruins around the island extending to the sea and some of them can

be seen under the sea.

Oyuktepe Peninsula

On this peninsula surrounded the west side of the Fethiye Port there

are many beautiful bays where the sea and pine trees fair like Aksazlar,

Samanlik, Kuleli and Boncuklu. These bays which can be ranged

through 7 kilometer road on the peninsula, are the most popular

recreation spot prefered by inhabitants. This road is also an ideal

track for hiking enthusiasts.

Citrus Spring

This bay was named after bitter orange trees and fresh water spring

and is a haunt of yachtsmen. The fisherman restaurant is the favorite

of the gourmets where all types of seafood is sensitively prepared

and presented. It is also possible to reach to the bay through walk

way starting from Rock Village and it is an ideal place for daily recreation

with its’ beach and clean sea.

Günlüklü (Small Kargi)

Günlüklü is a resting place in the forest covered with indigenous dense frankincense (sweetgum) trees. It is in a different position in our touristic diversity

with its’ unique beauties, beach and infrastructure prepared for camping. It is on the Mugla-Fethiye highway and it is possible to reach with

minibuses there.

Katrancı Bay

This Bay is for a day of resting place and tented camping area in the forest that is surrounded by large and small bays and with merged dense

pine trees with sea. It is one of our most important and attractive tourism center with its’ nature and beach where all kinds of services are

provided to the vacationers.

Ships Bay and Island

You can pass to St. Nicholas located opposite of the Gemiler (Ships) Bay with a boat and can see the ruins from Byzantine period. In accordance

with the ruins found during excavation works in 1990 that was began by archaeological experts from Japan with Fethiye Museum, it is

understood that the island was an important visiting center in early Christian period and sea saint Nicholas had lived here.

Folklore of Fethiye

The unique culture of the Teke peninsula makes folkloric structure quite interesting. The folk dance, folk music, folk literature and

especially social behaviour including plateau migration and nomadic culture have differences from the other parts of Mediterranean and

Aegean. The light comedy performances exhibited in Seki-Temel-Ceylan villages are typical examples of this.

The work of arts of the local culture and folkloric and ethnographic values are exhibited in Nomad Culture Museum in Yaniklar and

in nomad tent in Calis Beach where the nomad culture is kept alive.

Local Cuisine

• (The Turkish traditional names of the foods are stated in the paranthesises)

• Pounded Chicken/Meat and Wheat (Keskek).

• Cracked Wheat Pilaf (Bulgur Pilavı)

• Meaty Dried Bean – Meaty Chickpea (Etli Kuru Fasulye - Etli Nohut)

• Crumpets in Thick Syrup (Pasta Dessert -Ekmek kadayifi)

• Dried Fruit Compote (Hoşaf)

• Sour Bean (Eksili Fasulye)

• Dry Vegetable Meal (Kuru Sebze Yemegi)

• Fresh Green Peas In Olive Oil (Zeytinyağlı Taze Bezelye)

• Fava Bean In Olive Oil (Zeytinyağlı Bakla)

• Artichoke In Olive Oil (Zeytinyağlı Enginar)

• Special Stuffed Mutton Balls (Kiris)

• Stuffed Chard (Pazı Dolmasi)

• Milky Yellow Grass (Sutlu Sari Ot)

• Daily Fried Vegetables With Yoghurt (Gunluk Yogurtlama)

• Sprout of Gum Tree and Vine With Yoghurt (Sakızağacı Filizi Ve Asma Filizi Yoğurtlaması)

• Sprout of Gum Tree and Vine With Bulgur (Bulgurlu Sakız Ağacı Filizi Ve Asma Filizi Yemeği)

• Stuffed Sweetgum Leaf (Sığla Yaprağından Dolma)

• Black Berry Grass with Yoghurt (Sılcan Yoğurtlaması)

 


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